Asian Indigenous Peoples Pact - AIPP


Of all states in India, Odisha has the largest number of Tribes, as many as 62 in terms of distinctive indigenous groups, and constitute 24% of the total population in the state.

More than half of their population is concentrated in 3 Districts - Koraput, Sundargarh and Mayurbhanj. SSS AIPP project is

SSS is committed to the cause of promoting and defending indigenous peoples' rights and human rights as a whole. It aims to strengthen the movements of indigenous peoples for recognition of their collective rights, and protection of traditional knowledge, bio-diversity and environment for sustainable and self-determined development.

The specific objectives of SSS AIPP Project are:-

  1. To build the solidarity and cooperation of indigenous peoples of Asia
  2. To build the capacities of indigenous peoples organisations and communities to address their concerns
  3. To advocate for the recognition and protection of indigenous peoples’ rights and issues at the national, regional and international levels
OUTCOME 1 :

The capacity of Indigenous peoples, including Indigenous  women, in selected countries in Asia to articulate and assert their rights and indigenous knowledge relating to sustainable natural resource management, climate change, food sovereignty and livelihoods at local, national, regional and International levels are strengthened.

Strategy of intervention Project Activities

Results and achievements.

Baseline Study
  • Baseline survey
  • PRA Exercise on social mapping
  • PRA Exercise on Resource mapping
  • Women were involved and participated in the survey process and its analysis meeting.
  • Data based information available in 3 villages and making use of it.
  • Community became aware about their plight and women are actively participating in the meetings because they have information about their village.

Result/output 1.1:

Strengthened information sharing mechanisms for continuous awareness rising among Indigenous peoples in Asia.
  • One day Training on Information Technology.
  • Organizing meeting and rally on 12th February
  • Organizing Rally and Mass Meeting on 8th March.
  • Press Conference was organized twice with a total participation of 119 people among them 14 ware press and media people. 56 were Women while 63 men participated.
  • A draft article on NRM is prepared and sent to press and it is being printed.
  • 18 women and 18 men understood the importance of information technology and what is effective communication as well as different methods of communication.
  •  The participants are directly contacting with CG Network and able to get their problems solved.
  • 3 local papers highlighted the non implementation of FRA by the Govt.
  • Peoples Questions are not incorporated in their news because they are influenced by the Govt

Result/output 1.3.

At least 5 Indigenous people organizations peoples organizations are trained on Community Education and Public Awareness (CEPA) on Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD), Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC), advocacy, lobbying and negotiation skills, monitoring and evaluation and other training  as needed
  • Training on Community Education and Public Awareness (CEPA) on CBD  2 times.
  • Training on FPIC was conducted.
  • 1st Batch Training held on 5 to 7 June 2014 at Gaibira Parish, Subdega.
  •  2nd   Batch Training held on 22 to 24 Nov. 2014 at Gaibira Parish, Subdega.
  • 26 and 27 of Nov.2014 at Gaibira Campus.
  • 97 people (44 women 53Men) attended and learnt about CBD.
  • They  learnt how the CBD helped local level / protect indigenous Community.
  • People of  Mahulmunda, Kotenpada mobilized next village Peruabhadi and gave written objection  to Tahasildar  for not to give lease for Stone Query and they succeeded.
  • In  Dungijharia village Eucalyptus  Tree plantation  was  started by Forest    Department in  end of June 2014 in    their forest area.  But community    jointly protest and stopped the     Plantation.
  • This year-2015 Dungijharia village was able to keep the forest fire away.

Result/output 1.4

At least 2 Good practices of Indigenous peoples relating to sustainable natural resources management systems, adaptation plans and strategies, Indigenous knowledge on food sovereignty and traditional livelihoods are documented, published, disseminated and adapted for replication by at least 2 partner organizations.

  • 2 Nos. of Study was conducted on Good Practices of Indigenous people.
  • 1- Mahua and Sal leaf
  • 2. Grass Broom and Palm leaf.
  • Target community and non target    community realized how natural resource helps their Sustainable     Livelihood through protection and  management of natural resources  they contributed for Healthy  Environment.
  • Their Good Practices    documented, circulated in other States for Learning and practice.
  • Knowledge gained on different Laws regarding forest, environment and their  conservation practice by IPs.

Result/output 1.5

Organize Study  and exchange visits on good practices if Indigenous  peoples on relevant and priority issues for replication

  • 1st Batch visited Barghat village in Dharamjayagarh Block of Chhattisgarh State on 15th -17th June 2014.
  • 2nd Batch visited Gawarkenhari village in Umarkant Block of Madhyapradesh State on 5th-8th July 2014.
  • 3rd Batch visited to Jamguda village of M. Rampur Block in   Kalahandi District of Odisha State.
  • 8 women + 15 men and  3 SSS staff (26 persons) learnt on traditional farming and use  of Indigenous Seeds and CFR.
  • 2  types of Indigenous paddy seeds,7 types of millet seeds Collected.
  • 60 No of families replicated by cultivating  millets and paddy in their land.
  • 4 types of Indigenous paddy seeds, 5 types of millets and 5 types of pulses preserved  for next Cultivation.
  • More farmers are  preparing their lands for Bio-farming  in this rainy Season of 2014 & 15.
     

OUTCOME 2:

Indigenous Communities in selected areas in Asia have Strengthened their claim for and at least (2) communities have secured their rights to land territories and resources, including forests.

Strategy of Intervention Project Activities

Results & Achievements

Result/output 2.1:

Translate, publish, and distribute the training manual on resource inventory, community mapping and community biodiversity monitoring.

Translation and printing of CBD Book in English  is done to Odiya & Hindi.
  • 500 copies in Oriya and  500 copies in Hindi language translated & printed.
  • 375  Oriya copies distributed to NGOs, MLAs ,PRI members, Forest and Soil Conservation Department and  Target Communities.
  • 125 Hindi copies distributed to two NGOs in Chhattisgarh and 250 copies to 3 NGOs in Jharkhand State.

Result/output 2.2:

At least 3 Indigenous communities in selected countries in Asia are able to develop and submit their community based natural resources inventory and community maps to relevant Government Agencies.
  • Training for FRC members at Parish Hall, Gaibira on 12-14 August 2014.
  • Training on Resource Inventory and Mapping at Parish Hall, Gaibira on 20-22 July 2014.
  • Training on Resource Inventory and Mapping at Parish Hall, Gaibira on 23-25 July 2014.
  • 56 people, (16 women+40 men) participated and learnt about type of land , how to identify Revenue and Forest land  through down loading the Data provided by Govt. of Odisha in their Web site & Map.
  • 76 people (42 male +34 Female)attended training and learnt about Community Forest Resources (CFR) & Mapping. Dungijhria has 264.39 Hectors of Forest Area and Mahulmunda has 52.5 Hectors.
  • Learnt  about filling up Different type of prescribed Government Format for demanding land Rights.
  • 2 Villages have Identified Traditional    Boundary and Community    Resources and submitted it to Govt.

Result/output 2.3:

At least 10 civil society organizations support at least 15 Indigenous organizations in advocacy for the recognition and protection of their customary rights and forest rights.

  • Training of Monitoring Team held at Samajik Seva Sadan Office at Dhenkanal from 5-8 September 2014.
  • Meeting at Target villages with Monitoring Team and Women Leaders on 12th December 2014.
  • Lobby Advocacy Meeting at Subdega Block on 13th December 2014. Out of the 63 people, 15
    were women and the 48 were men.
  • 5 members sensitized on Project
    Concept and its implementation Strategy.
  • Problems identified on non implementation of FRA by concerned Departments / Committees.
  • 10  Nos. of illegal
    Entitlement (Individual)
    identified and complains raised
    by the Monitoring  Team Members.                 
  • 03  times Monitoring Team members interacted  with SDLC and once with DLC.
  • 10 Illegal entitlement cancelled by DLC and reapplied by the real people who were cultivating the land.

Result/output 2.4:

At least 2 Indigenous communities from among the five partner countries in Asia have secured community land titles and forest rights.
  • 2 Nos. Target communities   (Dungijharia and Mahulmunda villages) along with other 15 Neighboring Adivasi villages of Subdega Block submitted their Demand forms for Community Rights.
  • The Odisha Government kept pending to process on Community Rights. They decided that after clearance of Individual Rights it will be processed.

OUTCOME 3:

Indigenous people’s particularly indigenous women in the selected countries in Asia have sustained their engagements in relevant mechanisms, processes and bodies relating to biodiversity, sustainable development and climate change at national, regional and international levels.

Strategy of Intervention Project Activities

Results & Achievements

Result/output 3.1:

Joint advocacy activities with Indigenous and non-Indigenous Organizations/Institutions for common policy agenda relating to strengthening sustainable natural resource management and respect for the rights of Indigenous and local communities.
  • Celebrated World IPs Day in 8-9 August 2014 at State   Capital, Bhubaneswar in the Banner of IPFO.
  • Organized State Level workshop on TSP and Other Tribal Issues at Bhubaneswar.
  • 205 Peoples participated from 30 Ethnic Community   and 15 NGO Partners attended in Indigenous Peoples Day.
  • An Adivasi Cell opened and operated at Governor’s House to monitor the Indigenous issues.
  • A sample PESA Draft Rule prepared by Ethnic leaders and NGOs and submitted to the Tribal Ministry.
  • Adivasi MLAs sensitized and participating programme on common Indigenous issues i.e. TSP.FRA, PESA & started questioning in State Assembly.

Overall Achievement (In Brief):

  • Women are sensitized and participated in decision making process on Natural Resource Management. (FRCs are reformed and 50% women members included).
  • Traditional farming  with Indigenous seeds  revived in  3 villages started with 15 families and more than 60 families  and 7 type of millets and 3 type of paddy being cultivated and seeds preserved at community level.
  • From community 5 people properly learnt about Mapping and community realized the uses of   Mapping.
  • Many people educated and  capacitated through different training , meeting, workshop, exposure and address their  issues at local level  such as :
    • Follow up of FRA process by Management Committee (MC),
    • Protection of Natural resources of their boundary,
    • Adoption of Good practices such as bio- agriculture, fruit tree plantation, collection of forest produce in a sustainable manner etc.
  • State level Indigenous Peoples Forum Odisha (IPFO) strengthened by this project intervention. Through IPs Day Celebration different regional forums, ethnic community, tribal headed NGO came together for advocacy and Net-working started within the Ethnic groups.
  • Educational materials reached the Community at a wider level. People’s Representatives, NGOs and it is used at Gov. departments.
  • Media coverage, exposure visit, booklets on specific topics, posters, leaflets used for effective information and education.
  • FRC revised and formed at every village ( hamlet )level where 50% are women and accepted by the Government.
  • People are holding Gram Sabha as per the PESS Law. Through the Traditional Gram Sabha and are trying to revive the Adivasi self governance. They are not giving importance to the Panchayat Gram Saba which is not applicable to PESA area. 

SUSTAINABLE RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, ADAPTATION, PRACTICES AND FOOD SOVEREIGNTY

(PRESERVATION AND GOVERNANCE OF NATURAL RESOURCES BY LOCAL INDIGENOUS COMMUNITY)

SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD BASED ON BROOMGRASS AND PALM LEAF MATS

Training Manual on Resource Inventory, Community Mapping & Community Bio-Diversity Monitoring.
Book in G